For February 6, 2019
Don’t be surprised if your doctor writes you a prescription for light gardening, three to five times a week, as needed, for well-being.
The healing powers of plants and horticulture have been documented as far back as 2000 BC. According to the American Horticultural Therapy Association, ancient Egyptian physicians prescribed walks around a garden for patients with mental illness.
According to Pam Young, Horticultural Therapist at Bryn Mawr Rehab Hospital in Malvern, part of Main Line Health, “We all have an intrinsic connection to plants. They nourish our bodies, and they are a necessity in our life on many levels.”
Pam sees the benefits of horticultural therapy every day at work at Bryn Mawr Rehab’s Sydney Thayer III Horticultural Center, where she has patients recovering from stroke, brain injury, spinal cord injury, cardiac surgery, and other conditions. “We see lower blood pressure after working with plants, and increased engagement,” she says. “Patients who are in a hospital setting may be feeling a loss of independence and they have the opportunity to go into the greenhouse, choose their own plants, and design a dish garden – it’s a sense of accomplishment for them.”
Studies have shown that for some patients, sensory stimulation is important because sense of smell is connected to memory. “We’re smelling lavender, rosemary or scented geraniums in the greenhouse, and lots of things are happening in a natural way,” she explains. “Fragrance memory can evoke rich recollections of times and previous events. Memory of smells does not deteriorate as quickly as memories for other sensory modalities,” Pam adds.
“You don’t have to have a green thumb to come to the greenhouse and benefit from the plants. Sometimes patients need a change of pace -- even just getting out of their rooms and in a natural restorative environment helps individuals recover from mental fatigue and stress. It’s just what the doctor ordered. It’s important for patients to get involved in a meaningful activity. They become engaged in the project and are not as focused on their pain.”
The Enabling Garden at Bryn Mawr Rehab is a garden with connections to the community. “We grow vegetables and herbs for the Chester County Food Bank. We start seeds in the greenhouse at the end of March, and then we transplant the seedlings out to the garden. Most importantly, patients are involved in the entire process, from sowing the seed to the harvest,” explains Pam.
“We share with them that the food is going to help someone else without access to food. This makes them feel like they are contributing to something larger than themselves, even while they are here. It’s a win-win for everyone.”
In addition to the Enabling Garden, Bryn Mawr Rehab raises monarch butterflies in their certified monarch garden outside. “It’s interesting to have a garden with a purpose,” says Pam. “I give patients milkweed seeds to take home and plant when they leave. For me, it’s more than just a pretty garden. There’s a lot of educational programming behind the space.”
Pictured, left to right: Sylvia Webster, patient, and Aimee Scafaria, Advanced Clinician, Bryn Mawr Rehab Hospital.
Posted on January 16, 2019
While a healthy tree canopy is considered 30%, many of Philadelphia’s neighborhoods are well under 10% canopy. One of those with a depleted canopy includes the neighborhood of Nancy Boyd, a Board member at the Centennial Parkside Community Development Corporation, along with fellow Board member Juanita McFadden and community activist Roberta Lightly near Fairmount Park! The three women decided to do something about it and signed up to take the PHS Tree Tenders Basic Training class together last January.
Boyd, McFadden and Lightly learned that even though their neighborhood is near the Park, a lot of trees still need to be planted according to the data. “Seeing that information was eye-opening. We decided we needed to plant trees, and we had to form a group! I had never thought about it before, but after taking the class and learning the benefits of trees, we were determined,” says Boyd. Boyd was referring to an analysis undertaken by PHS that utilized multiple data sets (including tree canopy, population density, income, and crime) to determine the areas of Philadelphia that had the highest need for trees.
It didn’t take long before the three decided to form their own Tree Tenders group. “During the class, we had breakout sessions, we talked with Mindy Maslin, (PHS Tree Tenders Program Manager) and we saw the other groups that had been formed,” says Boyd. “They displayed a map of the trees in the city, and we saw where we lived. Our neighborhood was in the red for trees. When we saw all the red in our area and heard that planting trees could potentially lead to less crime, we thought we should fill this neighborhood with trees!”
To date, the new Centennial Parkside Tree Tenders group is seven-members strong and growing and has planted 27 trees.
The next Tree Tenders Basic Training will take place Saturdays, January 26 and February 2 from 8:30 a.m. to 1 p.m. in the PHS Town Hall, 100 N. 20th Street, Philadelphia, PA. Register here for this two-part series
Members of the Centennial Parkside Tree Tenders Group
Posted on December 5, 2018
As cooler temperatures move into our region, you will want to prepare your property to manage stormwater throughout the winter months. Follow these steps, suggested by Zach Popkin, PHS Program Manager. “We always say low maintenance, not no maintenance, when it comes to stormwater management tools during winter months,” says Popkin.
“Although downspout planters and rain gardens won’t provide the same aesthetic beauty as they do during the growing season -- and it’s difficult to enjoy permeable pavers when they’re under a foot of snow -- some basic maintenance practices can help ensure your stormwater management system will remain beautiful and functional for years to come.”
Before temperatures consistently drop below 32°F, disconnect the barrel from the downspout. First, drain the barrel by opening the spigot at the bottom. Use a Phillips head screwdriver to remove the two screws connecting the downspout diverter to the downspout. Pull out the diverter and replace with the rubber winter cap that was provided during the installation. Screw in the cap using the same screws you removed from the downspout diverter. If you can’t find the winter cap, replacement caps can be purchased online. Store the accordion tube and downspout diverter in a safe place until spring.
Remove any remaining autumn leaves or other debris from your gutters and downspouts to keep them clear. Snow and ice are OK in the rain garden but be wary of any ice extending up the downspout. If the downspout freezes, this may indicate a clog. Make sure water can flow freely out of the downspout and into the rain garden.
Permeable pavers will do their job all winter with the right care. Remove debris from the pavers by sweeping them regularly. After snowstorms, remove snow with a hand shovel or snow blower with a rubber edge. Use salt sparingly -- it can damage pavers -- and concentrate de-icing products in the areas of highest use. Remember that salt is not effective when more than 3 inches of snow has accumulated or temperatures are below 25 degrees. Sand, cat litter, and other non-soluble de-icing products should never be used on permeable pavers -- they will clog the system over time and prevent proper water infiltration.
Posted on November 14, 2018
This year, donations made to PHS on Giving Tuesday, November 27, will support the Roots to Re-entry program and the life-changing training the PHS LandCare team provides to Philadelphia Prison System inmates and Roots to Re-entry graduates. Roots to Re-entry provides citizens transitioning from the Philadelphia Prison System back to their communities with the tools and support they need to obtain meaningful employment in the horticulture and landscape industries.
The impact of this program was recently demonstrated at the New Kensington Community Development Corporation, an organization that cleans, maintains, and manages over 900 vacant land parcels in Fishtown, Kensington, Port Richmond, and beyond as part of the PHS LandCare program.
This season, under the direction of Tiffany Vidra, Crew Leader of NKCDC’s Vacant Land Management team, two recent Roots to Re-entry Bootcamp graduates went above and beyond their duties and achieved a milestone not met by any other graduates before them.
Spring 2018 Bootcamp graduates Perrice Goodlett and Dwoyne Martin started working for NKCDC in early April and continued through October 31. “We’ve worked with Roots to Reentry graduates in the past, but no one has ever completed the season,” says Debbie Kinkead, Executive Associate at NKCDC.
“Perrice impressed me,” says Kinkead. “She always wanted to learn more and she followed our guidance. She fought through a lot of barriers and plans to return next April.”
William Lighter, PHS Project Manager, Community LandCare, notes that “Trainees in the Roots to Re-entry program have to navigate the same challenges in everyday life that we do: transportation issues, child care, health, relationship and community challenges. But they must perform flawlessly at work, without many of the familial supports and social experiences that we take for granted but employ every day.”
“Most often employers expect these graduates to be perfect in attendance, work performance, and cultural assimilation -- while they work under stigma, and often, with no margin for error. The success of these graduates relies as much on our compassionate partners, as it does the hunger and tenacity of these graduates,” Lighter explains.
Over the past three seasons, 100 returning citizens have been placed into jobs with contractors and community organizations cleaning and greening vacant lots through the PHS Philadelphia LandCare program.
From left: Debbie Kinkead, New Kensington CDC; Dwoyne Martin; Tiffany Vidra, Maintenance Crew Leader; and Perrice Goodlett.
Posted on October 3, 2018
The neighborhood is called Hunting Park, evoking images of green lawns and shady boughs. But the North Philadelphia community has one of the lowest percentages of tree canopy in the city, making it one of the hottest places to live and contributing to childhood asthma and other health issues.
“Planting trees is one of the best ways to ameliorate the problem long-term,” says Gabriella Paez, education coordinator at Esperanza, the Hispanic community development organization.
This year, PHS partnered with Esperanza to launch a Tree Tenders group in Hunting Park and offered the program’s first bilingual training for the community which is 60 percent Hispanic “Language tends to be a big barrier in getting access to resources,” explains Paez, who provided translation for the written and classroom instruction.
Twenty-two residents graduated from the training, and the new volunteers planted 15 trees in April. They will add another 45 street trees in November.
The young trees are already making an impact on the residents, who have added window boxes and other plantings around their homes and are spending more time outdoors with their neighbors. “The blocks look nicer, cleaner, and it just feels different. People say, ‘I love walking down this block now,’” Paez says. “People are feeling better about where they live. It’s literally transforming the neighborhood.”
In five years, the Tree Tenders will have planted hundreds of trees, Paez adds, and “20 years down the road they will give plenty of shade. We really will have a green Hunting Park.”
Members of the first bilingual Tree Tenders training for the Hunting Park community celebrate with Tree Tenders program manager Mindy Maslin (seated center, red shirt) and Esperanza education coordinator Gabriella Paez (blue and black shirt).
Two young residents of Hunting Park participate in the Tree Tenders planting in their neighborhood.
Posted on September 5, 2018
Beth Bowman has been a community gardener at Benjamin Rush Community Garden in upper Northeast Philadelphia for 15 years. As a member and treasurer of the garden, as well as a volunteer grower for PHS City Harvest, Bowman finds satisfaction in knowing “we’re doing something good that matters. We’re growing and harvesting vegetables for neighbors in need.” She has been both intrigued and delighted by her community and its diverse group of gardeners.
Originally from the Philippines, where she grew up on a farm, Bowman describes gardening as “very therapeutic – it’s a passion you can’t quantify.”
Bowman loves the community effort in the garden. “You meet people you would not meet otherwise. You gather in the garden with the same goal and passion, and you share your experience,” she says.
One of the most rewarding parts of her experience in the community garden is the people she has met from different countries. “I watch what they do and ask questions. Immigrants grow what’s indigenous to where they come from; it’s part of their culture and how they grew up,” she says.
This year, a couple from Cameroon brought in some special greens. “I kept asking them, what do you do with them? They said it’s greens, like spinach. They kept harvesting them, bringing home whole bunches of it,” explains Bowman. She inquired how they get seeds if they keep harvesting, and learned that in their country, they do four harvests, and the fifth time they leave the plants for seeds. “My priority is that I get seeds first, then I harvest, but theirs is very different,” she says.
The same family did not want any sweet peppers when they were given out, describing them as bland. “They prefer growing hot peppers to make relish,” says Bowman. “I was fascinated!”
Two awesome gardeners, a couple from Turkey, keep two 30-by-60-foot plots. One plot consists entirely of potatoes, the other vegetables. Bowman learned that the couple eats potatoes every day for breakfast, lunch, and dinner. In Eastern Europe, potatoes are a staple because they grow in the cold and some families don’t have the money for bread and pasta.
Bowman is hopeful new members will join the Benjamin Rush community garden and enjoy the camaraderie, as well as give back to PHS City Harvest. “It’s what we want to do,” she says. Learn more about PHS City Harvest here.
Beth Bowman is a community gardener at Benjamin Rush Community Garden.